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Veggie Burger vs Meat burger

Which do you think is best for your health?

We all know that typical fast food meals are not ideal for our health! But what do you think is best out of Beefburger in a Hamburger White Bun with Chips and Tomato Sauce versus Veggie Burger in a Wholemeal Roll with Potato Wedges and a Green Salad? The two meals look similar but they are very different in terms of what nutrients they do and don’t provide.

Nutrients from a Veggie Burger and Beef Burger Meal:

Look at this chart to find out what nutrients the two meals provide.


Veggie Burger v Meat Burger Quiz:

  1. Which meal do you think is healthiest?
  2. Both meals are high in protein. The Beef Burger meal contains 34g of protein and the Veggie Burger 31g. Name one reason why protein is important in our diet.
  3. The Beef Burger meal contains 4g of fibre and the Veggie Burger 11g. Name one reason why we need fibre in our diet.
  4. The Beef Burger meal contains 13g of saturated fat and the Veggie Burger below 2g. Name one disease linked to too much saturated fat in our diet.
  5. The Beef Burger meal contains 1.26g of transfats and the Veggie Burger has zero. Are trans fats good or bad for our health? Do we need any in our diet?
  6. The Veggie Burger meal has how much more polyunsaturated fat, and how much less monounsaturated fat? Name one function of polyunsaturated fats.
  7. The Beef Burger meal is high in cholesterol but the Veggie Burger meal has zero. 
    a. Name one disease linked to high cholesterol levels.
    b. We do not need to consume cholesterol in our diet because we make all we need. Which of our organs manufactures cholesterol?
  8. The Veggie Burger meal contains no vitamin B12 – where can a vegan obtain B12 in their diet?
  9. Both meals are low or have zero vitamin D. Where do we get most of this vitamin from (clue - it is not from food!)?
  10. The Veggie Meal has more ‘antioxidant’ vitamins (beta carotene, vitamins C and E) and more folate (vitamin B9). Choose one of these vitamins and give one reason why it is important in our diet.

 

Teacher's Answers

  1. Veggie Burger Meal.
     
  2. There are many functions eg vital for growth, repair of cells and tissues, makes many hormones, enzymes and DNA etc.
     
  3. Examples could be: keeps bowel healthy and regular; slows sugar and fat absorption; reduces cholesterol.
     
  4. Some examples are: heart disease, high blood pressure, strokes, diabetes type 2, obesity, various cancers eg breast, prostate, bowel and Alzheimer’s
     
  5. Bad. We do not need trans fats in our diet.
     
  6. 5.034g more polyunsaturated fat in the Veggie Meal and 10.04g more monounsaturated fat in the Beef Burger meal. Polyunsaturated fats are needed for: normal growth and development in children; healthy skin; brain, eye and central nervous system development and maintenace; carrying some vitamins to cells. They also produce hormone-like substances that help regulate blood pressure, blood clotting and the immune system.
     
  7. a. Diseases linked include heart disease, strokes, Alzheimer’s
    b. Liver
  1. Foods fortified with vitamin B12 such as breakfast cereals, margarine, soya mock meats, Marmite and soya milk (check the ingredients label).
     
  2. From the action of sunlight on the skin.
  3. Beta carotene (plant precursor of vitamin A): Antioxidant; needed for healthy bones; immunity; teeth; vision (stops ‘night blindness’ and needed for eye membranes); growth and tissue repair; needed for production, structure, and normal function of epithelial cells (these are mucus forming cells that line the surface of the eyes, lungs, trachea, skin, digestive tract and other systems etc).

    Vitamin C: Antioxidant. Needed for healthy immunity, wound healing , formation of collagen in skin, tendons and bones; increases absorption of iron from the diet; needed to make the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline.

    Vitamin E: Antioxidant; helps protect the skin from UV damage; needed for healthy lungs, stops fats in cells going rancid.

    Folate (vitamin B9): Folate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red and white blood cells; helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies (eg spina bifida); helps make RNA and DNA.