go to viva.org.uk


L’cysteine hydrochloride (E920) - obtained from animal hair or chicken feathers, used in shampoos and as an improving agent in white flour. Can be produced synthetically.      
lactic acid (E270) – acid produced by fermenting milk sugar. Can also be obtained from non-dairy sources. 
lactose – milk sugar from milk of mammals (mainly cows). Used as a carrier for flavouring agents in many processed foods. Also used in cosmetics and medicines. 
lanolin(e) - fat extracted from sheep's wool, used in cosmetics. Can be derived from both living and slaughtered sheep. 
lard – hard fat surrounding stomach and kidneys in cattle, pigs and sheep. Found in many processed foods. 
leather - tanned *hide (skin of animals eg cows, pigs, alligators, snakes etc), used in clothing, accessories and upholstery. Leather is produced by chemically removing the flesh from one side and the hairs from the other side of an animal’s hide. Leather production is not simply a by-product of the meat industry - it contributes significantly to the profitability of the meat industry itself. Used widely in footwear, upholstery, clothing accessories eg watch and bag straps etc. Leather items can be made from Indian cow leather where cows in India are subjected to horrifically cruel deaths. 
lecithin (E322) - fatty substance found in nerve tissues, egg yolk and blood. Can also be obtained from vegetable sources especially soya. Used in many processed foods eg confectionary and baked products. 
Little Red Tractor – symbol found on farm produce including meat and dairy foods that is the *British Farm Standard trademark. This is an umbrella farm assurance scheme logo that implies high animal welfare systems for farmed animals. Viva! research shows that this scheme allows normal intensive rearing practices such as intensively farmed chicken meat and egg production and animal mutilations eg chicken de-beaking. 
lutein (E161(b)) - dye obtained from egg yolk. May also be obtained from marigolds.